LM148/LM248/LM348 Quad 741 Op Amps
Literature Number: SNOSBT2D
Quad 741 Op Amps
General Description
The LM148 series is a true quad 741. It consists of four
independent, high gain, internally compensated, low power
operational amplifiers which have been designed to provide
functional characteristics identical to those of the familiar
741 operational amplifier. In addition the total supply current
for all four amplifiers is comparable to the supply current of a
single 741 type op amp. Other features include input offset
currents and input bias current which are much less than
those of a standard 741. Also, excellent isolation between
amplifiers has been achieved by independently biasing each
amplifier and using layout techniques which minimize ther-
mal coupling.
The LM148 can be used anywhere multiple 741 or 1558 type
amplifiers are being used and in applications where amplifier
matching or high packing density is required. For lower
power refer to LF444.
n741 op amp operating characteristics
nClass AB output stage no crossover distortion
nPin compatible with the LM124
nOverload protection for inputs and outputs
nLow supply current drain: 0.6 mA/Amplifier
nLow input offset voltage: 1 mV
nLow input offset current: 4 nA
nLow input bias current 30 nA
nHigh degree of isolation between amplifiers: 120 dB
nGain bandwidth product
nLM148 (unity gain): 1.0 MHz
Schematic Diagram
* 1 pF in the LM149
November 2003
LM148/LM248/LM348 Series Quad 741 Op Amp
© 2003 National Semiconductor Corporation DS007786 www.national.com
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 4)
If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required,
please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/
Distributors for availability and specifications.
LM148 LM248 LM348
Supply Voltage ±22V ±18V ±18V
Differential Input Voltage ±44V ±36V ±36V
Output Short Circuit Duration (Note 1) Continuous Continuous Continuous
Power Dissipation (P
at 25˚C) and
Thermal Resistance (θ
), (Note 2)
Molded DIP (N) P
750 mW
Cavity DIP (J) P
1100 mW 800 mW 700 mW
110˚C/W 110˚C/W 110˚C/W
Maximum Junction Temperature (T
) 150˚C 110˚C 100˚C
Operating Temperature Range −55˚C T
+125˚C −25˚C T
+85˚C 0˚C T
Storage Temperature Range −65˚C to +150˚C −65˚C to +150˚C −65˚C to +150˚C
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec.) Ceramic 300˚C 300˚C 300˚C
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec.) Plastic 260˚C
Soldering Information
Dual-In-Line Package
Soldering (10 seconds) 260˚C 260˚C 260˚C
Small Outline Package
Vapor Phase (60 seconds) 215˚C 215˚C 215˚C
Infrared (15 seconds) 220˚C 220˚C 220˚C
See AN-450 “Surface Mounting Methods and Their Effect on Product Reliability” for other methods of soldering surface
ESD tolerance (Note 5) 500V 500V 500V
Electrical Characteristics
(Note 3)
Parameter Conditions LM148 LM248 LM348 Units
Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Min Typ Max
Input Offset Voltage T
= 25˚C, R
10 k1.0 5.0 1.0 6.0 1.0 6.0 mV
Input Offset Current T
= 25˚C 4 25 4 50 4 50 nA
Input Bias Current T
= 25˚C 30 100 30 200 30 200 nA
Input Resistance T
= 25˚C 0.8 2.5 0.8 2.5 0.8 2.5 M
Supply Current All Amplifiers T
= 25˚C, V
=±15V 2.4 3.6 2.4 4.5 2.4 4.5 mA
Large Signal Voltage Gain T
= 25˚C, V
=±15V 50 160 25 160 25 160 V/mV
=±10V, R
Amplifier to Amplifier T
= 25˚C,f=1Hzto20kHz
Coupling (Input Referred) See Crosstalk −120 −120 −120 dB
Test Circuit
Small Signal Bandwidth T
= 25˚C,
LM148 Series
1.0 1.0 1.0 MHz
Phase Margin T
= 25˚C,
LM148 Series (A
60 60 60 degrees
Slew Rate T
= 25˚C,
LM148 Series (A
0.5 0.5 0.5 V/µs
Output Short Circuit Current T
= 25˚C 25 25 25 mA
Input Offset Voltage R
10 k6.0 7.5 7.5 mV
Input Offset Current 75 125 100 nA
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Electrical Characteristics (Continued)
(Note 3)
Parameter Conditions LM148 LM248 LM348 Units
Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Min Typ Max
Input Bias Current 325 500 400 nA
Large Signal Voltage Gain V
=±15V, V
=±10V, 25 15 15 V/mV
Output Voltage Swing V
=±15V, R
=10k±12 ±13 ±12 ±13 ±12 ±13 V
=2k±10 ±12 ±10 ±12 ±10 ±12 V
Input Voltage Range V
=±15V ±12 ±12 ±12 V
Common-Mode Rejection R
10 k70 90 70 90 70 90 dB
Supply Voltage Rejection R
10 k,±5V V
±15V 77 96 77 96 77 96 dB
Note 1: Any of the amplifier outputs can be shorted to ground indefinitely; however, more than one should not be simultaneously shorted as the maximum junction
temperature will be exceeded.
Note 2: The maximum power dissipation for these devices must be derated at elevated temperatures and is dicated by TJMAX,θJA, and the ambient temperature,
TA. The maximum available power dissipation at any temperature is Pd=(T
A)/θJA or the 25˚C PDMAX, whichever is less.
Note 3: These specifications apply for VS=±15V and over the absolute maximum operating temperature range (TLTATH) unless otherwise noted.
Note 4: Refer to RETS 148X for LM148 military specifications.
Note 5: Human body model, 1.5 kin series with 100 pF.
Cross Talk Test Circuit V
00778606 00778607
Typical Performance Characteristics
Supply Current Input Bias Current
00778623 00778624
Voltage Swing Positive Current Limit
00778625 00778626
Negative Current Limit Output Impedance
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Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued)
Common-Mode Rejection Ratio Open Loop Frequency Response
00778629 00778630
Bode Plot LM148 Large Signal Pulse Response (LM148)
00778631 00778633
Small Signal Pulse Response (LM148) Undistorted Output Voltage Swing
00778635 00778637
Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued)
Gain Bandwidth Slew Rate
00778638 00778639
Inverting Large Signal Pulse Response (LM148) Input Noise Voltage and Noise Current
00778641 00778642
Positive Common-Mode Input Voltage Limit Negative Common-Mode Input Voltage Limit
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Application Hints
The LM148 series are quad low power 741 op amps. In the
proliferation of quad op amps, these are the first to offer the
convenience of familiar, easy to use operating characteris-
tics of the 741 op amp. In those applications where 741 op
amps have been employed, the LM148 series op amps can
be employed directly with no change in circuit performance.
The package pin-outs are such that the inverting input of
each amplifier is adjacent to its output. In addition, the
amplifier outputs are located in the corners of the package
which simplifies PC board layout and minimizes package
related capacitive coupling between amplifiers.
The input characteristics of these amplifiers allow differential
input voltages which can exceed the supply voltages. In
addition, if either of the input voltages is within the operating
common-mode range, the phase of the output remains cor-
rect. If the negative limit of the operating common-mode
range is exceeded at both inputs, the output voltage will be
positive. For input voltages which greatly exceed the maxi-
mum supply voltages, either differentially or common-mode,
resistors should be placed in series with the inputs to limit
the current.
Like the LM741, these amplifiers can easily drive a 100 pF
capacitive load throughout the entire dynamic output voltage
and current range. However, if very large capacitive loads
must be driven by a non-inverting unity gain amplifier, a
resistor should be placed between the output (and feedback
connection) and the capacitance to reduce the phase shift
resulting from the capacitive loading.
The output current of each amplifier in the package is limited.
Short circuits from an output to either ground or the power
supplies will not destroy the unit. However, if multiple output
shorts occur simultaneously, the time duration should be
short to prevent the unit from being destroyed as a result of
excessive power dissipation in the IC chip.
As with most amplifiers, care should be taken lead dress,
component placement and supply decoupling in order to
ensure stability. For example, resistors from the output to an
input should be placed with the body close to the input to
minimize “pickup” and maximize the frequency of the feed-
back pole which capacitance from the input to ground cre-
A feedback pole is created when the feedback around any
amplifier is resistive. The parallel resistance and capacitance
from the input of the device (usually the inverting input) to AC
ground set the frequency of the pole. In many instances the
frequency of this pole is much greater than the expected 3
dB frequency of the closed loop gain and consequently there
is negligible effect on stability margin. However, if the feed-
back pole is less than approximately six times the expected
3 dB frequency a lead capacitor should be placed from the
output to the input of the op amp. The value of the added
capacitor should be such that the RC time constant of this
capacitor and the resistance it parallels is greater than or
equal to the original feedback pole time constant.
Typical ApplicationsLM148
One Decade Low Distortion Sinewave Generator
fMAX = 5 kHz, THD 0.03%
R1 = 100k pot. C1 = 0.0047 µF, C2 = 0.01 µF, C3 = 0.1 µF, R2 = R6 = R7 = 1M,
R3 = 5.1k, R4 = 12,R5=240, Q = NS5102, D1 = 1N914, D2 = 3.6V avalanche
diode (ex. LM103), VS=±15V
A simpler version with some distortion degradation at high frequencies can be made by using A1 as a simple inverting amplifier, and by putting back to back
zeners in the feedback loop of A3.
Typical ApplicationsLM148 (Continued)
Low Cost Instrumentation Amplifier
R = R2, trim R2 to boost CMRR
Low Drift Peak Detector with Bias Current Compensation
Adjust R for minimum drift
D3 low leakage diode
D1 added to improve speed
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Typical ApplicationsLM148 (Continued)
Universal State-Variable Filter
Tune Q through R0,
For predictable results: fOQ4x10
Use Band Pass output to tune for Q
Typical ApplicationsLM148 (Continued)
A 1 kHz 4 Pole Butterworth
Use general equations, and tune each section separately
Q1stSECTION = 0.541, Q2ndSECTION = 1.306
The response should have 0 dB peaking
A 3 Amplifier Bi-Quad Notch Filter
Ex: fNOTCH = 3 kHz, Q = 5, R1 = 270k, R2 = R3 = 20k, R4 = 27k, R5 = 20k, R6 = R8 = 10k, R7 = 100k, C1 = C2 = 0.001 µF
Better noise performance than the state-space approach.
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Typical ApplicationsLM148 (Continued)
A 4th Order 1 kHz Elliptic Filter (4 Poles, 4 Zeros)
R1C1 = R2C2 = t
R'1C'1 = R'2C'2 = t'
fC= 1 kHz, fS= 2 kHz, fp= 0.543, fZ= 2.14, Q = 0.841, f' P= 0.987, f' Z= 4.92, Q' = 4.403, normalized to ripple BW
Use the BP outputs to tune Q, Q', tune the 2 sections separately
R1 = R2 = 92.6k, R3 = R4 = R5 = 100k, R6 = 10k, R0 = 107.8k, RL= 100k, RH= 155.1k,
R'1 = R'2 = 50.9k, R'4 = R'5 = 100k, R'6 = 10k, R'0 = 5.78k, R'L= 100k, R'H= 248.12k, R'f = 100k. All capacitors are 0.001 µF.
Lowpass Response
Typical Simulation
LM148, LM741 Macromodel for Computer Simulation
For more details, see IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. SC-9, No. 6, December 1974
Note 6: o1 = 112IS=8x10
Note 7: o2 = 144*C2=6pFforLM149
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Connection Diagram
Top View
Order Number LM148J, LM148J/883, LM248J, LM348M, or LM348N
See NS Package Number J14A, M14A or N14A
LM148J is available per JM38510/11001
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters)
unless otherwise noted
Ceramic Dual-In-Line Package (J)
Order Number LM148J, LM148J/883, LM248J
NS Package Number J14A
S.O. Package (M)
Order Number LM348M or LM348MX
NS Package Number M14A
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Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued)
Molded Dual-In-Line Package (N)
Order Number LM348N
NS Package Number N14A
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LM148/LM248/LM348 Series Quad 741 Op Amp
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