LM137/LM337
3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulators
General Description
The LM137/LM337 are adjustable 3-terminal negative volt-
age regulators capable of supplying in excess of −1.5A over
an output voltage range of −1.2V to −37V. These regulators
are exceptionally easy to apply, requiring only 2 external
resistors to set the output voltage and 1 output capacitor for
frequency compensation. The circuit design has been opti-
mized for excellent regulation and low thermal transients.
Further, the LM137 series features internal current limiting,
thermal shutdown and safe-area compensation, making
them virtually blowout-proof against overloads.
The LM137/LM337 serve a wide variety of applications in-
cluding local on-card regulation, programmable-output volt-
age regulation or precision current regulation. The LM137/
LM337 are ideal complements to the LM117/LM317
adjustable positive regulators.
Features
nOutput voltage adjustable from −1.2V to −37V
n1.5A output current guaranteed, −55˚C to +150˚C
nLine regulation typically 0.01%/V
nLoad regulation typically 0.3%
nExcellent thermal regulation, 0.002%/W
n77 dB ripple rejection
nExcellent rejection of thermal transients
n50 ppm/˚C temperature coefficient
nTemperature-independent current limit
nInternal thermal overload protection
nP
+
Product Enhancement tested
nStandard 3-lead transistor package
nOutput is short circuit protected
LM137 Series Packages and Power Capability
Rated Design
Device Package Power Load
Dissipation Current
LM137/337 TO-3 (K) 20W 1.5A
TO-39 (H) 2W 0.5A
LM337 TO-220 (T) 15W 1.5A
LM337 SOT-223
(MP) 2W 1A
Typical Applications
Adjustable Negative Voltage Regulator
00906701
Full output current not available at high input-output voltages
C1 = 1 µF solid tantalum or 10 µF aluminum electrolytic required for
stability
*C2 = 1 µF solid tantalum is required only if regulator is more than 4" from
power-supply filter capacitor
Output capacitors in the range of 1 µF to 1000 µF of aluminum or tantalum
electrolytic are commonly used to provide improved output impedance and
rejection of transients
Comparison between SOT-223 and
D-Pak (TO-252) Packages
00906731
Scale 1:1
November 2001
LM137/LM337 3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulators
© 2001 National Semiconductor Corporation DS009067 www.national.com
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Notes 1,
4)
If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required,
please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/
Distributors for availability and specifications.
Power Dissipation Internally Limited
Input-Output Voltage Differential 40V
Operating Junction Temperature
Range
LM137 −55˚C to +150˚C
LM337 0˚C to +125˚C
LM337I −40˚C to +125˚C
Storage Temperature −65˚C to +150˚C
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec.) 300˚C
Plastic Package (Soldering, 4 sec.) 260˚C
ESD Rating 2k Volts
Electrical Characteristics (Note 1)
Parameter Conditions LM137 LM337 Units
Min Typ Max Min Typ Max
Line Regulation T
j
= 25˚C, 3V |V
IN
−V
OUT
|40V 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.04 %/V
(Note 2) I
L
=10mA
Load Regulation T
j
= 25˚C, 10 mA I
OUT
I
MAX
0.3 0.5 0.3 1.0 %
Thermal Regulation T
j
= 25˚C, 10 ms Pulse 0.002 0.02 0.003 0.04 %/W
Adjustment Pin Current 65 100 65 100 µA
Adjustment Pin Current Charge 10 mA I
L
I
MAX
25 25µA
3.0V |V
IN
−V
OUT
|40V,
T
A
= 25˚C
Reference Voltage T
j
= 25˚C (Note 3) −1.225 −1.250 −1.275 −1.213 −1.250 −1.287 V
3V |V
IN
−V
OUT
|40V, (Note 3) −1.200 −1.250 −1.300 −1.200 −1.250 −1.300 V
10 mA I
OUT
I
MAX
,PP
MAX
Line Regulation 3V |V
IN
−V
OUT
|40V, (Note 2) 0.02 0.05 0.02 0.07 %/V
Load Regulation 10 mA I
OUT
I
MAX
, (Note 2) 0.3 1 0.3 1.5 %
Temperature Stability T
MIN
T
j
T
MAX
0.6 0.6 %
Minimum Load Current |V
IN
−V
OUT
|40V 2.5 5 2.5 10 mA
|V
IN
−V
OUT
|10V 1.2 3 1.5 6 mA
Current Limit |V
IN
−V
OUT
|15V
K, MP and T Package 1.5 2.2 3.5 1.5 2.2 3.7 A
H Package 0.5 0.8 1.8 0.5 0.8 1.9 A
|V
IN
−V
OUT
| = 40V, T
j
= 25˚C
K, MP and T Package 0.24 0.4 0.15 0.4 A
H Package 0.15 0.17 0.10 0.17 A
RMS Output Noise, % of V
OUT
T
j
= 25˚C, 10 Hz f10 kHz 0.003 0.003 %
Ripple Rejection Ratio V
OUT
= −10V, f = 120 Hz 60 60 dB
C
ADJ
=10µF 6677 6677 dB
Long-Term Stability T
j
= 125˚C, 1000 Hours 0.3 1 0.3 1 %
Thermal Resistance, Junction to
Case H Package 12 15 12 15 ˚C/W
K Package 2.3 3 2.3 3 ˚C/W
T Package 4 ˚C/W
Thermal Resistance, Junction to
Ambient (No Heat Sink) H Package 140 140 ˚C/W
K Package 35 35 ˚C/W
T Package
MP Package 50
170 ˚C/W
˚C/W
Note 1: Unless otherwise specified, these specifications apply −55˚C Tj+150˚C for the LM137, 0˚C Tj+125˚C for the LM337; VIN −V
OUT = 5V; and IOUT
= 0.1A for the TO-39 package and IOUT = 0.5A for the TO-3, SOT-223 and TO-220 packages. Although power dissipation is internally limited, these specifications
are applicable for power dissipations of 2W for the TO-39 and SOT-223 (see Application Hints), and 20W for the TO-3, and TO-220. IMAX is 1.5A for the TO-3,
SOT-223 and TO-220 packages, and 0.2A for the TO-39 package.
Note 2: Regulation is measured at constant junction temperature, using pulse testing with a low duty cycle. Changes in output voltage due to heating effects are
covered under the specification for thermal regulation. Load regulation is measured on the output pin at a point
1
8
" below the base of the TO-3 andTO-39 packages.
LM137/LM337
www.national.com 2
Electrical Characteristics (Note 1) (Continued)
Note 3: Selected devices with tightened tolerance reference voltage available.
Note 4: Refer to RETS137H drawing for LM137H or RETS137K drawing for LM137K military specifications.
Schematic Diagram
00906702
Thermal Regulation
When power is dissipated in an IC, a temperature gradient
occurs across the IC chip affecting the individual IC circuit
components. With an IC regulator, this gradient can be es-
pecially severe since power dissipation is large. Thermal
regulation is the effect of these temperature gradients on
output voltage (in percentage output change) per Watt of
power change in a specified time. Thermal regulation error is
independent of electrical regulation or temperature coeffi-
cient, and occurs within 5 ms to 50 ms after a change in
power dissipation. Thermal regulation depends on IC layout
as well as electrical design. The thermal regulation of a
voltage regulator is defined as the percentage change of
V
OUT
, per Watt, within the first 10 ms after a step of power is
applied. The LM137’s specification is 0.02%/W, max.
00906703
LM137, VOUT = −10V
VIN −V
OUT = −40V
IIL =0A0.25A 0A
Vertical sensitivity, 5 mV/div
FIGURE 1.
LM137/LM337
www.national.com3
Thermal Regulation (Continued)
In
Figure 1
, a typical LM137’s output drifts only 3 mV (or
0.03% of V
OUT
= −10V) when a 10W pulse is applied for
10 ms. This performance is thus well inside the specification
limit of 0.02%/W x 10W = 0.2% max. When the 10W pulse is
ended, the thermal regulation again showsa3mVstep at
the LM137 chip cools off. Note that the load regulation error
of about 8 mV (0.08%) is additional to the thermal regulation
error. In
Figure 2
, when the 10W pulse is applied for 100 ms,
the output drifts only slightly beyond the drift in the first
10 ms, and the thermal error stays well within 0.1% (10 mV).
Connection Diagrams
TO-3
Metal Can Package
00906705
Bottom View
Order Number LM137K/883
LM137KPQML and LM137KPQMLV(Note 5)
See NS Package Number K02C
Order Number LM337K STEEL
See NS Package Number K02A
Case is Input
TO-39
Metal Can Package
00906706
Bottom View
Order Number LM137H, LM137H/883 or LM337H
LM137HPQML and LM137HPQMLV(Note 5)
See NS Package Number H03A
Case Is Input
Note 5: See STD Mil DWG 5962P99517 for Radiation Tolerant Devices
TO-220
Plastic Package
00906707
Front View
Order Number LM337T
See NS Package Number T03B
3-Lead SOT-223
00906734
Front View
Order Number LM337IMP
Package Marked N02ASee NS Package Number MA04A
00906704
LM137, VOUT = −10V
VIN −V
OUT = −40V
IL=0A0.25A 0A
Horizontal sensitivity, 20 ms/div
FIGURE 2.
LM137/LM337
www.national.com 4
Application Hints
When a value for θ
(H−A)
is found using the equation shown,
a heatsink must be selected that has a value that is less than
or equal to this number.
HEATSINKING SOT-223 PACKAGE PARTS
The SOT-223 (“MP”) packages use a copper plane on the
PCB and the PCB itself as a heatsink. To optimize the heat
sinking ability of the plane and PCB, solder the tab of the
package to the plane.
Figures 3, 4
show the information for the SOT-223 package.
Figure 4
assumes a θ
(J−A)
of 75˚C/W for 1 ounce copper and
51˚C/W for 2 ounce copper and a maximum junction tem-
perature of 125˚C.
Please see AN1028 for power enhancement techniques to
be used with the SOT-223 package.
Typical Applications
Adjustable Lab Voltage Regulator
00906709
Full output current not available
at high input-output voltages
*The 10 µF capacitors are optional to improve ripple rejection
Current Regulator
00906711
Negative Regulator with Protection Diodes
00906713
*When CLis larger than 20 µF, D1 protects the LM137 in case the input
supply is shorted
**When C2 is larger than 10 µF and −VOUT is larger than −25V, D2
protects the LM137 in case the output is shorted
00906732
FIGURE 3. θ
(J−A)
vs Copper (2 ounce) Area for the
SOT-223 Package
00906733
FIGURE 4. Maximum Power Dissipation vs. T
AMB
for
the SOT-223 Package
LM137/LM337
www.national.com5
Typical Applications (Continued)
−5.2V Regulator with Electronic Shutdown*
00906710
*Minimum output .−1.3V when control input is low
Adjustable Current Regulator
00906712
High Stability −10V Regulator
00906714
LM137/LM337
www.national.com 6
Typical Performance Characteristics (K Steel and T Packages)
Load Regulation Current Limit
00906716 00906717
Adjustment Current Dropout Voltage
00906718 00906719
Temperature Stability Minimum Operating Current
00906720 00906721
LM137/LM337
www.national.com7
Typical Performance Characteristics (K Steel and T Packages) (Continued)
Ripple Rejection Ripple Rejection
00906722 00906723
Ripple Rejection Output Impedance
00906724 00906725
Line Transient Response Load Transient Response
00906726 00906727
LM137/LM337
www.national.com 8
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters)
unless otherwise noted
Metal Can Package (H)
Order Number LM137H, LM137H/883 or LM337H
NS Package Number H03A
LM137/LM337
www.national.com9
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued)
Metal Can Package (K)
Order Number LM337K STEEL
NS Package Number K02A
Mil-Aero Metal Can Package (K)
Order Number LM137K/883
NS Package Number K02C
LM137/LM337
www.national.com 10
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued)
3-Lead SOT-223 Package
Order Number LM337IMP
NS Package Number M04A
LM137/LM337
www.national.com11
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued)
TO-220 Plastic Package (T)
Order Number LM337T
NS Package Number T03B
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LM137/LM337 3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulators
National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.
National P/N LM337 - 3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulator
See Wireless Products
Products > Analog - Regulators > Linear Regulators - Standard/NPN > Negative Voltage - Adjustable >
LM337
LM337 Product Folder
3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulator
Generic P/N 337
General
Description Features Datasheet Package
& Models Samples
& Pricing Application
Notes
Parametric Table Parametric Table
Multiple Output Capability No
On/Off Pin No
Error Flag -
Input Voltage, min (Volt) -40
Input Voltage, max (Volt) -4.20
Output Current, max 1500 mA
Watchdog -
Output Voltage, min (Volt) -37
Output Voltage, max (Volt) -1.20
Datasheet
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Kbytes Date View Online Download Receive via
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LM137 LM337 3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulators 421
Kbytes
10-
Dec-
01 View Online Download Receive via
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LM137 LM337 3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulators
(JAPANESE)185
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General Description
The LM137/LM337 are adjustable 3-terminal negative voltage regulators capable of supplying in excess of -
1.5A over an output voltage range of -1.2V to -37V. These regulators are exceptionally easy to apply,
requiring only 2 external resistors to set the output voltage and 1 output capacitor for frequency
compensation. The circuit design has been optimized for excellent regulation and low thermal transients.
Further, the LM137 series features internal current limiting, thermal shutdown and safe-area compensation,
making them virtually blowout-proof against overloads.
The LM137/LM337 serve a wide variety of applications including local on-card regulation, programmable-
output voltage regulation or precision current regulation. The LM137/LM337 are ideal complements to the
LM117/LM317 adjustable positive regulators.
Features
Output voltage adjustable from -1.2V to -37V
1.5A output current guaranteed, -55°C to +150°C
Line regulation typically 0.01%/V
Load regulation typically 0.3%
Excellent thermal regulation, 0.002%/W
77 dB ripple rejection
Excellent rejection of thermal transients
50 ppm/°C temperature coefficient
Temperature-independent current limit
Internal thermal overload protection
P+ Product Enhancement tested
Standard 3-lead transistor package
Output is short circuit protected
LM137 Series Packages and Power Capability
Rated Design
Device Package Power Load
Dissipation Current
LM137/337 TO-3 (K) 20W 1.5A
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National P/N LM337 - 3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulator
TO-39 (H) 2W 0.5A
LM337 TO-220 (T) 15W 1.5A
LM337 SOT-223 (MP) 2W 1A
Application Notes
Title Size in Kbytes Date View Online Download Receive via Email
LB-46: A New Production
Technique for Trimming Voltage
Regulators 91 Kbytes 28-Jun-96 View Online Download Receive via Email
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National P/N LM137 - 3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulator
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Products
Products > Analog - Regulators > Linear Regulators - Standard/NPN > Negative Voltage - Adjustable > LM137
LM137 Product Folder
3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulator
Generic P/N 137
General
Description Features Datasheet Package
& Models Samples
& Pricing Application
Notes
Parametric Table Parametric Table
Multiple Output Capability No
On/Off Pin No
Error Flag -
Input Voltage, min (Volt) -40
Input Voltage, max (Volt) -4.20
Output Current, max 1500 mA
Watchdog -
Output Voltage, min (Volt) -37
Output Voltage, max (Volt) -1.20
Datasheet
Title Size in Kbytes Date View Online Download Receive via Email
LM137 LM337 3-Terminal
Adjustable Negative Regulators 421 Kbytes 10-Dec-01 View Online Download Receive via Email
LM137 Mil-Aero (DESC) Datasheet
MDLM137-H 12 Kbytes View Online Download Receive via Email
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LM137 Mil-Aero Datasheet
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National P/N LM137 - 3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulator
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