1
Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Zarlink, ZL and the Zarlink Semiconductor logo are trademarks of Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Copyright 1997-2006, Zarlink Semiconductor Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Features
Complete DTMF Receiver
Low power consumption
Internal gain setting amplifier
Adjustable guard time
Central office quality
Power-down mode
Inhibit mode
Backward compatible with MT8870C/MT8870C-1
Applications
Receiver system for British Telecom (BT) or
CEPT Spec (MT8870D-1)
Paging systems
Repeater systems/mobile radio
Credit card systems
Remote control
Personal computers
Telephone answering machine
Description
The MT8870D/MT8870D-1 is a complete DTMF
receiver integrating both the bandsplit filter and digital
decoder functions. The filter section uses switched
capacitor techniques for high and low group filters;
the decoder uses digital counting techniques to detect
and decode all 16 DTMF tone-pairs into a 4-bit code.
October 2006
Ordering Information
MT8870DE 18 Pin PDIP Tubes
MT8870DS 18 Pin SOIC Tubes
MT8870DN 20 Pin SSOP Tubes
MT8870DSR 18 Pin SOIC Tape & Reel
MT8870DNR 20 Pin SSOP Tape & Reel
MT8870DN1 20 Pin SSOP* Tubes
MT8870DE1 18 Pin PDIP* Tubes
MT8870DS1 18 Pin SOIC* Tubes
MT8870DNR1 20 Pin SSOP* Tape & Reel
MT8870DSR1 18 Pin SOIC* Tape & Reel
MT8870DE1-1 18 Pin PDIP* Tubes
MT8870DS1-1 18 Pin SOIC* Tubes
MT8870DSR1-1 18 Pin SOIC* Tape & Reel
*Pb Free Matte Tin
-40°C to +85°C
MT8870D/MT8870D-1
ISO2-CMOS Integrated DTMF Receiver
Data Sheet
Figure 1 - Functional Block Diagram
PWDN
IN +
IN -
GS
OSC1 OSC2 St/GT ESt STD TOE
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
VDD VSS VRef INH
Bias
Circuit
Dial
Tone
Filter
High Group
Filter
Low Group
Filter
Digital
Detection
Algorithm
Code
Converter
and Latch
St
GT
Steering
Logic
Chip
Power
Chip
Bias
VRef
Buffer
Zero Crossing
Detectors
to all
Chip
Clocks
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
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Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
External component count is minimized by on chip provision of a differential input amplifier, clock oscillator and
latched three-state bus interface.
Figure 2 - Pin Connections
Pin Description
Pin #
Name Description
18 20
11 IN+Non-Inverting Op-Amp (Input).
22 IN- Inverting Op-Amp (Input).
33 GSGain Select. Gives access to output of front end differential amplifier for connection of
feedback resistor.
44 V
Ref Reference Voltage (Output). Nominally VDD/2 is used to bias inputs at mid-rail (see Fig. 6
and Fig. 10).
55 INHInhibit (Input). Logic high inhibits the detection of tones representing characters A, B, C
and D. This pin input is internally pulled down.
66PWDNPower Down (Input). Active high. Powers down the device and inhibits the oscillator. This
pin input is internally pulled down.
78 OSC1Clock (Input).
89 OSC2Clock (Output). A 3.579545 MHz crystal connected between pins OSC1 and OSC2
completes the internal oscillator circuit.
910 V
SS Ground (Input). 0 V typical.
10 11 TOE Three State Output Enable (Input). Logic high enables the outputs Q1-Q4. This pin is
pulled up internally.
11-
14
12-
15
Q1-Q4 Three State Data (Output). When enabled by TOE, provide the code corresponding to the
last valid tone-pair received (see Table 1). When TOE is logic low, the data outputs are high
impedance.
15 17 StD Delayed Steering (Output).Presents a logic high when a received tone-pair has been
registered and the output latch updated; returns to logic low when the voltage on St/GT falls
below VTSt.
16 18 ESt Early Steering (Output). Presents a logic high once the digital algorithm has detected a
valid tone pair (signal condition). Any momentary loss of signal condition will cause ESt to
return to a logic low.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
910
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
IN+
IN-
GS
VRef
INH
PWDN
OSC1
OSC2
VSS
VDD
St/GT
ESt
StD
Q4
Q3
Q2
Q1
TOE
18 PIN PLASTIC DIP/SOIC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11
12
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
IN+
IN-
GS
VRef
INH
PWDN
NC
OSC1
OSC2
VSS
20 PIN SSOP
VDD
St/GT
ESt
StD
Q4
Q3
Q2
Q1
TOE
NC
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
3
Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Functional Description
The MT8870D/MT8870D-1 monolithic DTMF receiver offers small size, low power consumption and high
performance. Its architecture consists of a bandsplit filter section, which separates the high and low group tones,
followed by a digital counting section which verifies the frequency and duration of the received tones before passing
the corresponding code to the output bus.
Filter Section
Separation of the low-group and high group tones is achieved by applying the DTMF signal to the inputs of two
sixth-order switched capacitor bandpass filters, the bandwidths of which correspond to the low and high group
frequencies. The filter section also incorporates notches at 350 and 440 Hz for exceptional dial tone rejection (see
Figure 3). Each filter output is followed by a single order switched capacitor filter section which smooths the signals
prior to limiting. Limiting is performed by high-gain comparators which are provided with hysteresis to prevent
detection of unwanted low-level signals. The outputs of the comparators provide full rail logic swings at the
frequencies of the incoming DTMF signals.
Figure 3 - Filter Response
17 19 St/GT Steering Input/Guard time (Output) Bidirectional. A voltage greater than VTSt detected at
St causes the device to register the detected tone pair and update the output latch. A
voltage less than VTSt frees the device to accept a new tone pair. The GT output acts to
reset the external steering time-constant; its state is a function of ESt and the voltage on St.
18 20 VDD Positive power supply (Input). +5 V typical.
7,
16
NC No Connection.
Pin Description
Pin #
Name Description
18 20
0
10
20
30
40
50
ATTENUATION
(dB)
XY ABCD
1kHz
EF G H
PRECISE
DIAL TONES
X=350 Hz
Y=440 Hz
DTMF TONES
A=697 Hz
B=770 Hz
C=852 Hz
D=941 Hz
E=1209 Hz
F=1336 Hz
G=1477 Hz
H=1633 Hz
FREQUENCY (Hz)
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
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Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Decoder Section
Following the filter section is a decoder employing digital counting techniques to determine the frequencies of the
incoming tones and to verify that they correspond to standard DTMF frequencies. A complex averaging algorithm
protects against tone simulation by extraneous signals such as voice while providing tolerance to small frequency
deviations and variations. This averaging algorithm has been developed to ensure an optimum combination of
immunity to talk-off and tolerance to the presence of interfering frequencies (third tones) and noise. When the
detector recognizes the presence of two valid tones (this is referred to as the “signal condition” in some industry
specifications) the “Early Steering” (ESt) output will go to an active state. Any subsequent loss of signal condition
will cause ESt to assume an inactive state (see “Steering Circuit”).
Figure 4 - Basic Steering Circuit
Steering Circuit
Before registration of a decoded tone pair, the receiver checks for a valid signal duration (referred to as character
recognition condition). This check is performed by an external RC time constant driven by ESt. A logic high on ESt
causes vc (see Figure 4) to rise as the capacitor discharges. Provided signal condition is maintained (ESt remains
high) for the validation period (tGTP), vc reaches the threshold (VTSt) of the steering logic to register the tone pair,
latching its corresponding 4-bit code (see Table 1) into the output latch. At this point the GT output is activated and
drives vc to VDD. GT continues to drive high as long as ESt remains high. Finally, after a short delay to allow the
output latch to settle, the delayed steering output flag (StD) goes high, signalling that a received tone pair has been
registered. The contents of the output latch are made available on the 4-bit output bus by raising the three state
control input (TOE) to a logic high. The steering circuit works in reverse to validate the interdigit pause between
signals. Thus, as well as rejecting signals too short to be considered valid, the receiver will tolerate signal
interruptions (dropout) too short to be considered a valid pause. This facility, together with the capability of selecting
the steering time constants externally, allows the designer to tailor performance to meet a wide variety of system
requirements.
Guard Time Adjustment
In many situations not requiring selection of tone duration and interdigital pause, the simple steering circuit shown
in Figure 4 is applicable. Component values are chosen according to the formula:
tREC=tDP+tGTP
tID=tDA+tGTA
VDD
C
vc
VDD
St/GT
ESt
StD
MT8870D/
MT8870D-1
R
tGTA=(RC)In(VDD/VTSt)
tGTP=(RC)In[VDD/(VDD-VTSt)]
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
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Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
The value of tDP is a device parameter (see Figure 11) and tREC is the minimum signal duration to be recognized by
the receiver. A value for C of 0.1 µF is recommended for most applications, leaving R to be selected by the
designer.
Figure 5 - Guard Time Adjustment
Table 1 - Functional Decode Table
L=LOGIC LOW, H=LOGIC HIGH, Z=HIGH IMPEDANCE
X = DON‘T CARE
Digit TOE INH ESt Q4Q3Q2Q1
ANYLXHZZZZ
1HXH0001
2HXH0010
3HXH0011
4HXH0100
5HXH0101
6HXH0110
7HXH0111
8HXH1000
9HXH1001
0HXH1010
*HXH1011
#HXH1100
AHLH1101
BHLH1110
CHLH1111
DHLH0000
AHHL
undetected, the output code
will remain the same as the
previous detected code
BHHL
CHHL
DHHL
VDD
St/GT
ESt
C1
R1R2
a) decreasing tGTP; (tGTP<tGTA)
tGTP=(RPC1)In[VDD/(VDD-VTSt)]
tGTA=(R1C1)In(VDD/VTSt)
RP=(R1R2)/(R1+R2)
VDD
St/GT
ESt
C1
R1R2
tGTP=(R1C1)In[VDD/(VDD-VTSt)]
tGTA=(RPC1)In(VDD/VTSt)
RP=(R1R2)/(R1+R2)
b) decreasing tGTA; (tGTP>tGTA)
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
6
Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Different steering arrangements may be used to select independently the guard times for tone present (tGTP) and
tone absent (tGTA). This may be necessary to meet system specifications which place both accept and reject limits
on both tone duration and interdigital pause. Guard time adjustment also allows the designer to tailor system
parameters such as talk off and noise immunity. Increasing tREC improves talk-off performance since it reduces the
probability that tones simulated by speech will maintain signal condition long enough to be registered. Alternatively,
a relatively short tREC with a long tDO would be appropriate for extremely noisy environments where fast acquisition
time and immunity to tone drop-outs are required. Design information for guard time adjustment is shown in Figure
5.
Power-down and Inhibit Mode
A logic high applied to pin 6 (PWDN) will power down the device to minimize the power consumption in a standby
mode. It stops the oscillator and the functions of the filters.
Inhibit mode is enabled by a logic high input to the pin 5 (INH). It inhibits the detection of tones representing
characters A, B, C, and D. The output code will remain the same as the previous detected code (see Table 1).
Differential Input Configuration
The input arrangement of the MT8870D/MT8870D-1 provides a differential-input operational amplifier as well as a
bias source (VRef) which is used to bias the inputs at mid-rail. Provision is made for connection of a feedback
resistor to the op-amp output (GS) for adjustment of gain. In a single-ended configuration, the input pins are
connected as shown in Figure 10 with the op-amp connected for unity gain and VRef biasing the input at 1/2VDD.
Figure 6 shows the differential configuration, which permits the adjustment of gain with the feedback resistor R5.
Crystal Oscillator
The internal clock circuit is completed with the addition of an external 3.579545 MHz crystal and is normally
connected as shown in Figure 10 (Single-Ended Input Configuration). However, it is possible to configure several
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 devices employing only a single oscillator crystal. The oscillator output of the first device in
the chain is coupled through a 30 pF capacitor to the oscillator input (OSC1) of the next device. Subsequent
devices are connected in a similar fashion. Refer to Figure 7 for details. The problems associated with unbalanced
loading are not a concern with the arrangement shown, i.e., precision balancing capacitors are not required.
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
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Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Figure 6 - Differential Input Configuration
Figure 7 - Oscillator Connection
C1R1
C2R4
R3
IN+
IN-
+
-
R5GS
R2VRef
MT8870D/
MT8870D-1
Differential Input Amplifier
C1=C2=10 nF
R1=R4=R5=100 k
R2=60k, R3=37.5 k
All resistors are ±1% tolerance.
All capacitors are ±5% tolerance.
R3=R2R5
R2+R5
VOLTAGE GAIN (Av diff)= R5
R1
INPUT IMPEDANCE
(ZINDIFF) = 2 R12+1
ωc
2
OSC1
OSC2
OSC2
OSC1
C
X-tal
C
To OSC1 of next
MT8870D/MT8870D-1
C=30 pF
X-tal=3.579545 MHz
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
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Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Table 2 - Recommended Resonator Specifications
Note: Qm=quality factor of RLC model, i.e., 1/2ΠƒR1C1.
Applications
Receiver System for British Telecom Spec POR 1151
The circuit shown in Fig. 9 illustrates the use of MT8870D-1 device in a typical receiver system. BT Spec defines
the input signals less than -34 dBm as the non-operate level. This condition can be attained by choosing a suitable
values of R1 and R2 to provide 3 dB attenuation, such that -34 dBm input signal will correspond to -37 dBm at the
gain setting pin GS of MT8870D-1. As shown in the diagram, the component values of R3 and C2 are the guard
time requirements when the total component tolerance is 6%. For better performance, it is recommended to use the
non-symmetric guard time circuit in Fig. 8.
Figure 8 - Non-Symmetric Guard Time Circuit
Parameter Unit Resonator
R1 Ohms 10.752
L1 mH .432
C1 pF 4.984
C0 pF 37.915
Qm - 896.37
f%±0.2%
tGTP=(RPC1)In[VDD/(VDD-VTSt)]
tGTA=(R1C1)In(VDD/VTSt)
RP=(R1R2)/(R1+R2)
VDD
St/GT
ESt
C1
R2
R1Notes:
R1=368 K Ω ± 1%
R2=2.2 M Ω ± 1%
C1=100 nF ± 5%
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
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Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Figure 9 - Single-Ended Input Configuration for BT or CEPT Spec
IN+
IN-
GS
VRef
INH
PWDN
OSC 1
OSC 2
VSS TOE
VDD
St/GT
ESt
StD
Q4
Q3
Q2
Q1
DTMF
Input
C1
R1
R2
X1
VDD
C2
R3
MT8870D-1
NOTES:
R1 = 102 KΩ ± 1%
R2 = 71.5 KΩ ± 1%
R3 = 390 KΩ ±1%
C1,C2 = 100 nF ± 5%
X1 = 3.579545 MHz ± 0.1%
VDD = 5.0 V ± 5%
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
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Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Exceeding these values may cause permanent damage. Functional operation under these conditions is not implied.
Derate above 75°C at 16 mW / °C. All leads soldered to board.
Typical figures are at 25°C and are for design aid only: not guaranteed and not subject to production testing.
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter Symbol Min. Max. Units
1 DC Power Supply Voltage VDD 7V
2 Voltage on any pin VIVSS-0.3 VDD+0.3 V
3 Current at any pin (other than supply) II10 mA
4 Storage temperature TSTG -65 +150 °C
5 Package power dissipation PD500 mW
Recommended Operating Conditions - Voltages are with respect to ground (VSS) unless otherwise stated.
Parameter Sym. Min. Typ.Max. Units Test Conditions
1 DC Power Supply Voltage VDD 4.75 5.0 5.25 V
2 Operating Temperature TO-40 +85 °C
3 Crystal/Clock Frequency fc 3.579545 MHz
4 Crystal/Clock Freq.Tolerance fc ±0.1 %
DC Electrical Characteristics - VDD=5.0V± 5%, VSS=0V, -40°C TO +85°C, unless otherwise stated.
Characteristics Sym. Min. Typ.Max. Units Test Conditions
1S
U
P
P
L
Y
Standby supply current IDDQ 10 25 µA PWDN=VDD
2 Operating supply current IDD 3.0 9.0 mA
3 Power consumption PO15 mW fc=3.579545 MHz
4
I
N
P
U
T
S
High level input VIH 3.5 V VDD=5.0 V
5 Low level input voltage VIL 1.5 V VDD=5.0 V
6 Input leakage current IIH/IIL 0.1 µAV
IN=VSS or VDD
7 Pull up (source) current ISO 7.5 20 µA TOE (pin 10)=0,
VDD=5.0 V
8 Pull down (sink) current ISI 15 45 µAINH=5.0V,
PWDN=5.0 V,
VDD=5.0 V
9 Input impedance (IN+, IN-) RIN 10 M@ 1 kHz
10 Steering threshold voltage VTSt 2.2 2.4 2.5 V VDD = 5.0 V
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
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Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Typical figures are at 25°C and are for design aid only: not guaranteed and not subject to production testing.
11
O
U
T
P
U
T
S
Low level output voltage VOL VSS+0.0
3
V No load
12 High level output voltage VOH VDD-
0.03
V No load
13 Output low (sink) current IOL 1.0 2.5 mA VOUT=0.4 V
14 Output high (source) current IOH 0.4 0.8 mA VOUT=4.6 V
15 VRef output voltage VRef 2.3 2.5 2.7 V No load, VDD = 5.0V
16 VRef output resistance ROR 1k
Operating Characteristics - VDD=5.0V±5%, VSS=0V, -40°C TO +85°C,unless otherwise stated.
Gain Setting Amplifier
Characteristics Sym. Min. Typ.Max. Units Test Conditions
1 Input leakage current IIN 100 nA VSS VIN VDD
2 Input resistance RIN 10 M
3 Input offset voltage VOS 25 mV
4 Power supply rejection PSRR 50 dB 1 kHz
5 Common mode rejection CMRR 40 dB 0.75 V VIN 4.25 V biased
at VRef =2.5 V
6 DC open loop voltage gain AVOL 32 dB
7 Unity gain bandwidth fC0.30 MHz
8 Output voltage swing VO4.0 Vpp Load 100 k to VSS @ GS
9 Maximum capacitive load
(GS)
CL100 pF
10 Resistive load (GS) RL50 k
11 Common mode range VCM 2.5 Vpp No Load
DC Electrical Characteristics - VDD=5.0V± 5%, VSS=0V, -40°C TO +85°C, unless otherwise stated.
Characteristics Sym. Min. Typ.Max. Units Test Conditions
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
12
Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Typical figures are at 25°C and are for design aid only: not guaranteed and not subject to production testing.
*NOTES
1. dBm= decibels above or below a reference power of 1 mW into a 600 ohm load.
2. Digit sequence consists of all DTMF tones.
3. Tone duration= 40 ms, tone pause= 40 ms.
4. Signal condition consists of nominal DTMF frequencies.
5. Both tones in composite signal have an equal amplitude.
6. Tone pair is deviated by ±1.5%± 2 Hz.
7. Bandwidth limited (3 kHz) Gaussian noise.
8. The precise dial tone frequencies are (350 Hz and 440 Hz) ± 2%.
9. For an error rate of better than 1 in 10,000.
10. Referenced to lowest level frequency component in DTMF signal.
11. Referenced to the minimum valid accept level.
12. Guaranteed by design and characterization.
MT8870D AC Electrical Characteristics -VDD=5.0V ±5%, VSS=0V, -40°C TO +85°C, using Test Circuit shown in Figure 10.
Characteristics Sym. Min. Typ.Max. Units Notes*
1Valid input signal levels (each
tone of composite signal)
-29 +1 dBm 1,2,3,5,6,9
27.5 869 mVRMS 1,2,3,5,6,9
2 Negative twist accept 8 dB 2,3,6,9,12
3 Positive twist accept 8 dB 2,3,6,9,12
4 Frequency deviation accept ±1.5% ± 2 Hz 2,3,5,9
5 Frequency deviation reject ±3.5% 2,3,5,9
6 Third tone tolerance -16 dB 2,3,4,5,9,10
7 Noise tolerance -12 dB 2,3,4,5,7,9,10
8 Dial tone tolerance +22 dB 2,3,4,5,8,9,11
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
13
Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Typical figures are at 25 °C and are for design aid only: not guaranteed and not subject to production testing.
*NOTES
1. dBm= decibels above or below a reference power of 1 mW into a 600 ohm load.
2. Digit sequence consists of all DTMF tones.
3. Tone duration= 40 ms, tone pause= 40 ms.
4. Signal condition consists of nominal DTMF frequencies.
5. Both tones in composite signal have an equal amplitude.
6. Tone pair is deviated by ±1.5%± 2 Hz.
7. Bandwidth limited (3 kHz) Gaussian noise.
8. The precise dial tone frequencies are (350 Hz and 440 Hz) ± 2%.
9. For an error rate of better than 1 in 10,000.
10. Referenced to lowest level frequency component in DTMF signal.
11. Referenced to the minimum valid accept level.
12. Referenced to Fig. 10 input DTMF tone level at -25dBm (-28dBm at GS Pin) interference frequency range between 480-3400Hz.
13. Guaranteed by design and characterization.
MT8870D-1 AC Electrical Characteristics -VDD=5.0V±5%, VSS=0V, -40°C TO +85°C, using Test Circuit shown in Figure 10.
Characteristics Sym. Min. Typ.Max. Units Notes*
1Valid input signal levels (each
tone of composite signal)
-31 +1 dBm Tested at
VDD=5.0 V
1,2,3,5,6,9
21.8 869 mVRMS
2 Input Signal Level Reject
-37 dBm Tested at
VDD=5.0 V
1,2,3,5,6,9
10.9 mVRMS
3 Negative twist accept 8 dB 2,3,6,9,13
4 Positive twist accept 8 dB 2,3,6,9,13
5 Frequency deviation accept ±1.5%± 2 Hz 2,3,5,9
6 Frequency deviation reject ±3.5% 2,3,5,9
7 Third zone tolerance -18.5 dB 2,3,4,5,9,12
8 Noise tolerance -12 dB 2,3,4,5,7,9,10
9 Dial tone tolerance +22 dB 2,3,4,5,8,9,11
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
14
Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Typical figures are at 25°C and are for design aid only: not guaranteed and not subject to production testing.
*NOTES:
1. Used for guard-time calculation purposes only.
2. These, user adjustable parameters, are not device specifications. The adjustable settings of these minimums and maximums
are recommendations based upon network requirements.
3. With valid tone present at input, tPU equals time from PDWN going low until ESt going high.
AC Electrical Characteristics - VDD=5.0V±5%, VSS=0V, -40°C To +85°C, using Test Circuit shown in Figure 10.
Characteristics Sym. Min. Typ.Max. Units Conditions
1
T
I
M
I
N
G
Tone present detect time tDP 51114msNote 1
2 Tone absent detect time tDA 0.5 4 8.5 ms Note 1
3 Tone duration accept tREC 40 ms Note 2
4 Tone duration reject tREC 20 ms Note 2
5 Interdigit pause accept tID 40 ms Note 2
6 Interdigit pause reject tDO 20 ms Note 2
7
O
U
T
P
U
T
S
Propagation delay (St to Q) tPQ 811µsTOE=V
DD
8 Propagation delay (St to StD) tPStD 12 16 µsTOE=V
DD
9 Output data set up (Q to StD) tQStD 3.4 µsTOE=V
DD
10 Propagation delay (TOE to Q
ENABLE)
tPTE 50 ns load of 10 k,
50 pF
11 Propagation delay (TOE to Q
DISABLE)
tPTD 300 ns load of 10 k,
50 pF
12 P
D
W
N
Power-up time tPU 30 ms Note 3
13 Power-down time tPD 20 ms
14
C
L
O
C
K
Crystal/clock frequency fC3.575
9
3.579
5
3.583
1
MHz
15 Clock input rise time tLHCL 110 ns Ext. clock
16 Clock input fall time tHLCL 110 ns Ext. clock
17 Clock input duty cycle DCCL 40 50 60 % Ext. clock
18 Capacitive load (OSC2) CLO 30 pF
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
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Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Figure 10 - Single-Ended Input Configuration
IN+
IN-
GS
VRef
INH
PDWN
OSC 1
OSC 2
VSS TOE
VDD
St/GT
ESt
StD
Q4
Q3
Q2
Q1
DTMF
Input
C1
R1
R2
X-tal
VDD
C2
R3
NOTES:
R1,R2=100 KΩ ± 1%
R3=300 KΩ ± 1%
C1,C2=100 nF ± 5%
X-tal=3.579545 MHz ± 0.1%
MT8870D/MT8870D-1
MT8870D/MT8870D-1 Data Sheet
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Zarlink Semiconductor Inc.
Figure 11 - Timing Diagram
EXPLANATION OF EVENTS
EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS
A) TONE BURSTS DETECTED, TONE DURATION INVALID, OUTPUTS NOT UPDATED.
B) TONE #n DETECTED, TONE DURATION VALID, TONE DECODED AND LATCHED IN OUTPUTS
C) END OF TONE #n DETECTED, TONE ABSENT DURATION VALID, OUTPUTS REMIAN LATCHED UNTIL NEXT VALID
TONE.
D) OUTPUTS SWITCHED TO HIGH IMPEDANCE STATE.
E) TONE #n + 1 DETECTED, TONE DURATION VALID, TONE DECODED AND LATCHED IN OUTPUTS (CURRENTLY HIGH
IMPEDANCE).
F) ACCEPTABLE DROPOUT OF TONE #n + 1, TONE ABSENT DURATION INVALID, OUTPUTS REMAIN LATCHED.
G) END OF TONE #n + 1 DETECTED, TONE ABSENT DURATION VALID, OUTPUTS REMAIN LATCHED UNTIL NEXT VALID
TONE.
Vin DTMF COMPOSITE INPUT SIGNAL.
ESt EARLY STEERING OUTPUT. INDICATES DETECTION OF VALID TONE FREQUENCIES.
St/GT STEERING INPUT/GUARD TIME OUTPUT. DRIVES EXTERNAL RC TIMING CIRCUIT.
Q1-Q44-BIT DECODED TONE OUTPUT.
StD DELAYED STEERING OUTPUT. INDICATES THAT VALID FREQUENCIES HAVE BEEN PRESENT/ABSENT FOR THE
REQUIRED GUARD TIME THUS CONSTITUTING A VALID SIGNAL.
TOE TONE OUTPUT ENABLE (INPUT). A LOW LEVEL SHIFTS Q1-Q4 TO ITS HIGH IMPEDANCE STATE.
tREC MAXIMUM DTMF SIGNAL DURATION NOT DETECED AS VALID
tREC MINIMUM DTMF SIGNAL DURATION REQUIRED FOR VALID RECOGNITION
tID MAXIMUM TIME BETWEEN VALID DTMF SIGNALS.
tDO MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE DROP OUT DURING VALID DTMF SIGNAL.
tDP TIME TO DETECT THE PRESENCE OF VALID DTMF SIGNALS.
tDA TIME TO DETECT THE ABSENCE OF VALID DTMF SIGNALS.
tGTP GUARD TIME, TONE PRESENT.
tGTA GUARD TIME, TONE ABSENT.
Vin
ESt
St/GT
Q1-Q4
StD
TOE
EVENTS ABC
D
EFG
tREC tREC tID tDO
TONE #n TONE
#n + 1
TONE
#n + 1
tDP tDA
tGTP tGTA
tPQ tQStD
tPSrD
tPTD
tPTE
# n # (n + 1)
HIGH IMPEDANCE
DECODED TONE # (n-1)
VTSt
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I